Whether you are military trained or a simple office worker, the key elements to survival apply to everyone. Living close to human civilization makes it quite easy to survive because almost all these elements (food, water, shelter and medicine) can be easily accessible. However, out in the wild, these are very scarce. A human being can survive up to 3 weeks without food, 3 days without water and 3 hours at uncomfortable temperatures. Because of this, whenever you decide to go knocking on the woods, it is important to include some of the most basic survival items. These include:
In a true survival situation, you will need to do lots of cutting. You must have a high quality, multi-purpose knife that can cut tree branches and leaves for building your shelter and for firewood. Your knife should also be able to help you hunt, skin and chop your catch into pieces that be easily cooked or roasted. Apart from these, a knife should also come in handy when defending yourself from harmful animals such as snakes, leaving you in a healthy state, which is crucial for survival.
Low temperatures can be very punishing. This is further worsened when you are in a survival situation such as a cold, dark night in the woods. Fire starters are very handy in such scenarios because they make it quite easy to build a fire from the readily available wood and grass in your surrounding environment. Matches and lighters can also be used but they are resource-intensive, meaning they can be depleted after some time.
Fire is also essential for cooking food, a key differentiating factor that separates us from the animals. Cooked game meat gives you more warmth from the inside and is also safer to eat, giving you a healthier option for better chances of survival. Read more about fire starters on Bestsurvival.org.
First aid kit
A first aid kit is a really important tool. A simple thing such as a scratch can develop into a serious infection if not treated in its early stages. First aid kits should contain disinfectants, bandages, anti-diarrhea drugs, gloves and painkillers just to name a few. These will help you maintain your healthy state and prolong your survival period.
Whether you venture into unfamiliar territory or into a place you usually frequent, darkness can be really disorienting, especially if you have to cover some ground at night. You might head the wrong way or even step on something dangerous. What you should have is a reliable flashlight, which means one that can store a lot of power and can withstand rough handling as well as the weather elements.
Water is a must have for survival. However, walking around with large water bottles might be very tiring. Luckily, mini-hydration systems have become super-efficient, with a small water filter weighing about 2 pounds, being capable of filtering bacteria from up to 100,000 gallons of water. With this, all you need is a water source such as a river from which you can potentially draw enough water for a couple of months.
Survival in the wild should not be taken for granted. You must have all the necessary tools to keep you in good shape as well as be in a good physical and mental state to handle whatever comes your way. The 5 items discussed above are just the most basic survival tools but you can always include others for better chances of making it out of the wild alive.