Being grounded is the path to create a safe space around you. To be precise, staying grounded means you can handle life properly.
And what it is to the Generators, you might wonder. When you ground your camping generator, you add up an extra layer of safety and handle the lifespan of generators quite well.
Grounding is an action when you connect the electrical circuit to the reference ground purposefully. Usually, the reference ground indicates a copper wire along with a rod or the frame of the generator as a whole.
And in the case of generators, the electric connections are often given to the fragments like the gas tank or engine of the generator.
Also note that the camping generators are portable and thus do not produce much power. The high power camping generators come with additional features such as GFCI protection and ground wires.
So look out for these features when purchasing a generator for your camping trip.
How to ground a generator when camping?
It is evident that when you are camping, you must be using a portable generator. Recalling all the pros of portable generators, these are compact, can provide emergency power.
These are specially used for recreational purposes, preventing significant generator damage. It is one of the safest generators.
Tips and Tricks
- Before starting any steps to ground your generator, make sure that the machine is completely dry. Do not operate the generator with your wet hands. Do not shelter the device in any moist place. Construct a dry place for it if needed.
- Always use an 8-foot metal rod and copper wire when you ground your generator to be on the safe side. Do not let any smoke cover your generator. It is pretty normal to have a campfire while you are camping. If you are planning to do so, make sure you sit at the other side.
- You need to use low resistance connections for the bonding circuits. These circuits must be able to perform a surge of electrical power isolated from the machine. To make sure the connection works, you will need 0.2 ohms of resistance or less than that. Be careful of lightning when you are outside.
- According to the NEC and RVIA code, it is compulsory to have neutral wires float or be unbounded. Every RV Electrical system comes with a suitable power cord. It guarantees that the safety ground wire never carries the extra load. It is quite necessary to balance the load everywhere.
- You can ground a generator by following the book of instructions at your convenience. But if you still feel like you cannot play with wires, it is always better to take precautions than causing a disaster. Please call your electrician to ground the generator.
When do you ground your generator?
It depends on how many kilowatts you are using per hour. You should start grounding your generator if you are using more than 10 KW per hour. In reality, what happens when you are camping? You won’t need this heavy amount of electricity. Hence, most generator owners do not ground their generators.
If you use your generator to connect the charger cords or lights, you are in the safe zone. In case the components are not attached to the frame, you will definitely need to ground your generator.
What happens when you do not ground your camping generator?
In simple words, you can destroy it. The purpose of grounding is to remove unwanted voltage, saving the equipment and surroundings from creating havoc. And if the generator is not grounded ideally, then a streak of electricity could travel to different electric connections and ruin
the whole surroundings.
So a proper grounding always shields you, your loved ones, and your possessions from being damaged by the uncertain outpouring of current.
Even if you are using a framed RV generator, it is essential to ground a generator to stay on the safe side. The use of copper wire makes the electric flow easy and fair.
How to ground a portable generator while camping?
Things to use:
- 8-foot copper rod.
- 6 to 20 feet of copper wire.
First of all, cover the wire made of copper around the handle of the generator. Hold the other end and walk far away from your RV. After you have crossed 15 to 20 feet, hammer the 8-foot copper rod to the ground. After hammering tightly, wrap the wire around it. And that’s it; you are done.
The only disadvantage is that you need to have some space in the radius of the generator. If your surroundings are extremely packed with other things, then the grounding of the generator goes to waste.
But to look into the bright side comes with lots and lots of open areas. So choose an adventurous site which has a good amount of free space.
The instruction manual is always helpful in these situations. Many instructions vary according to the type of generator you have. It consists of a pro tip advising if you really need to ground your generator or not.
And if yes, it will tell the correct way to it. If the instructions don’t clarify the steps of grounding, then here are some easy steps:
- Hammer your 8-foot copper rod into the ground. In case you are in a rocky and hilly area, don’t let your copper rod exceed more than 45 degrees angle.
- Affix the wire made of copper around the rod tightly.
- Detect a grounding bolt in your generator and attach the other copper end to it. For this step, you have to clear a bit of copper coating in the ends of the wire, which gets connected to the rod and generator as well. Do not operate with bare Copper Wire. The big middle portion of the wire can remain shielded.
- Pro Tip: Make sure both the ends are secured tightly and will not fall off easily.
In the case of portable generators, is the ground rod needed?
We have been continuously referring to a ground rod while grounding a generator. But the portable generators need not have a ground rod. They come with a fastened bonding system that connects the components tightly.
But still, the generator owners search for equipment for grounding it. The process of grounding boosts up the performance to maximum level. It shields up your equipment and protects it from crashing electronics.
According to the protocols and guidelines, you need to have a copper rod measuring from a minimum of 4 feet to a maximum of 8 feet. Forge it till it is covered by the ground. Any copper rod shorter from that will not be able to support the wire properly.
If your ground condition is too dry, add some water to wet the soil. And if your ground is too wet, add up some soil to make it normal. Check the condition of the soil before hammering the rod into a specified place.
The tools required to do a perfect grounding is:
- A pair of Pliers.
- A Socket wrench set.
- A Pair of Wire Strippers.
- A Hammer.
The right appliances will always result in an ideally grounded generator. Anyways, if you want the process of grounding quick and easy, you can always purchase a Generator Grounding Kit.
These kits are readily available in generator equipment stores. The kit comprises a rod and attached wire to it. You only have to connect the loose end to your generator.
There are even different types of measurements in the kits. Before buying anything and everything, choose which one suits you the best.
Check with the price and measurements before you buy a kit. It is always advisable to buy a kit that has a longer copper wire attached to it. It will provide you a safer experience.
Safety Tips for Using a Generator
No doubt we are talking about adequately grounding a generator. It is also one of the many safety habits which you need to follow while using a generator. And below are some of the other safety tips you will need to follow while using a generator:
- Keep the generator outside and do not cover it in between different equipment.
- Do not overfill the gas or fuel in the generator. Always have the right indicated amount of fuel.
- Keep your generator clean. Look out for any spills. If there are any, clean them frequently.
- Do not store fuel in the generator after use.
- No smoking is allowed near the generator.
- Disconnect all the electric cords while connecting to the generator.
- Avoid the overloading of generators with unnecessary appliances.